The Final Judgment Rule (sometimes called the “One Final Judgment Rule”) is the legal principle that appellate courts will only hear appeals from the “final” judgment in a case. A plaintiff or defendant cannot appeal rulings of the trial court while the case is still ongoing.
When a defendant files a motion to dismiss, he asks the Court to throw out all or part of the plaintiff's case. The parties (well, their lawyers) will come to court, explain their positions on the motion to dismiss, and answer any questions posed by the judge. Finally, the judge will decide to grant or deny the motion.
A plaintiff can file a motion to voluntarily dismiss the case before the defendant has filed their answer. After the defendant has filed their answer to the complaint, the plaintiff and the defendant can come to an agreement and file a motion with the court to dismiss the case.
A motion to dismiss is a formal request for a court to dismiss a case.
If the grand jury or the judge do not find probable cause, then the charges must be dismissed. when prosecutors have very limited evidence against a defendant in a criminal case, they may conclude that they do not have enough evidence to move forward in the case and dismiss the charges on their own.
Write your introduction. The first lines of your motion should state your name and role in the case, and what you are asking the judge to do. Traditionally, the first line begins "Comes now the defendant," followed by your name. Then you state that you're asking the court to dismiss the plaintiff's complaint.
Weren't the Motions to Dismiss a "responsive pleading"? No, because "[f]or the purposes of [Rule 15(a)], a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss is not a responsive pleading and thus does not itself terminate plaintiff's unconditional right to amend a complaint under Rule 15(a)." Op.
This first step begins what is known as the pleadings stage of the suit. Pleadings are certain formal documents filed with the court that state the parties' basic positions. Common pre-trial pleadings include: Complaint (or petition or bill).